Project Global: Ground


This exploration of our current day metropolitan condition as a system of systems deals with the crust of the Earth as a primary carrying capacitor of human activities, from the extraction of resources deep within the ground, to agricultural operations that barely scratch the surface.

Part 1: Lexicon

Part 2: Atlas



Part 1: Lexicon index

︎ Formation

    ︎ Kaapvaal Craton
    ︎ Johannesburg Dome
    ︎ Vredefort Dome
    ︎ Topsoil
    ︎ Müggelsee


︎ Measurement    ︎ Schwerbelastungskörper
    ︎ Mining Earthquakes
    ︎ Low-tech Soil Testing
    ︎ Soil Texture Triangle
    ︎ Geologic Time Scale 
    ︎ Stratigraphic Colum
    ︎ Geographic Information System
    ︎ Ecotone
    ︎ Cultural Landscape

︎ Prototype
    ︎ Unter den Linden
    ︎ Zoological Landscape
    ︎ Counterculture
    ︎ Cultural Agency
    ︎ Mine-pit Lakes
    ︎ Parliament of Things

︎ Land distribution
    ︎ 1913 Natives Land Act
    ︎ District Six
    ︎ Eavesdropping
    ︎ Reconciliation Policy
    ︎ Land Grabbing
    ︎ Land Acting
    ︎ The Red Ants
    ︎ #PutSouthAfricansFirst
    ︎ Suburban Enclaves
    ︎ Parallel State

︎ Extraction
    ︎ Cullinan Diamond Mine
    ︎ Platinum Group Metals
    ︎ Zamazamas
    ︎ Gold Rush Inertia
    ︎ Sinkhole
    ︎ Maize Doctor
    ︎ Coal Hands

︎ Infrastructure
    ︎ Gautrain
    ︎ Le-guba
    ︎ Lesotho Water Project
    ︎ Deutscher Wald
    ︎ Arrival City

︎ Production
    ︎ Safari Economy
    ︎ Agritourism
    ︎ Rainfall Line
    ︎ Upington Airport
    ︎ Tiergarten Transformation
    ︎ Pivot Irrigation
    ︎ Allotment Garden
    ︎ Bokoni Terracing
    ︎ Johannesburg Forestation
    ︎ Game Farming Cycle

︎ Waste
    ︎ Trümmerberg
    ︎ Fab-Soil
    ︎ Mining Waste Belt
    ︎ Sanitary Landfilling
    ︎ Soil Structure
    ︎ Biogas Technology

︎ Pollution
    ︎ Dry Stacked Tailings
    ︎ Water Pollution
    ︎ Soil Pollution
    ︎ Uranium Sandstorms
    ︎ Poaching

︎ Remediation
    ︎ European Green Belt
    ︎ Conservation Agriculture
    ︎ Airfield Urbanism
    ︎ Solar Park
    ︎ Gold Reef City
    ︎ Mine Pit Lake
    ︎ Loess Plateau
    ︎ Erosion Control




Stratigraphic Column

“How can we depict the age of the Earth? ”


Stratigraphy is a branch of geology concerned with the classification of the physical and chronological ordering of different layers of sedimentary deposits. The stratigraphic column, or stratigraphic section, is a method of graphic representation that preserves measured geologic sequences according to the arrangement of its actual physical ordering conditions, with younger rock units above older ones. Layers of rock units are represented as diagrammatic boxes that contain the relevant symbols and names of rock types found in that particular layer. The symbols and names are kept consistent with the symbols used in accompanying geological maps. Stratigraphic columns may also include layer vertical thickness as additional textual information, although the extent to which the thickness of these layers is also indicated diagrammatically.
        The stratigraphic column can also be used to identify the presence of fossils within
biostratigraphy
, geological formation dating, and the magnetic properties of rock layers  within
magneto stratigraphy
. In each case, the basic graphical conventions are adapted to produce specialized stratigraphic columns.


Image source: “Figure 1. Simplified Stratigraphic Column Section of the Transvaal And...” n.d. ResearchGate. Accessed March 6, 2022. https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Simplified-stratigraphic-column-section-of-the-Transvaal-and-Olifantshoek-Supergroups-in_fig1_327886909.


References
1.  “International Commission on Stratigraphy.” n.d. Accessed March 1, 2022. https://stratigraphy.org/chart.
2.  “Stratigraphic Sections, Geology 103A, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Tim Horner, CSUS Sacramento.” n.d. Accessed March 1, 2022. https://www.csus.edu/indiv/h/hornert/geol_103_spring_2017/stratigraphic%20sections.htm.
3.   “Stratigraphy | Geology | Britannica.” n.d. Accessed March 1, 2022. https://www.britannica.com/science/stratigraphy-geology.
4.   “Stratigraphy | Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse.” n.d. Accessed March 1, 2022. https://www.ngu.no/en/topic/stratigraphy.
5.   “What Are Stratigraphic Columns?” n.d. Accessed March 1, 2022. https://digitalatlas.cose.isu.edu/geo/basics/sedstrat.htm