Project Global: Ground

This exploration of our current day metropolitan condition as a system of systems deals with the crust of the Earth as a primary carrying capacitor of human activities, from the extraction of resources deep within the ground, to agricultural operations that barely scratch the surface.

Part 1: Lexicon

Part 2: Atlas

Part 3: Architectural Projects

Part 1: Lexicon index

︎ Formation

    ︎ Kaapvaal Craton
    ︎ Johannesburg Dome
    ︎ Vredefort Dome
    ︎ Topsoil
    ︎ Müggelsee

︎ Measurement    ︎ Schwerbelastungskörper
    ︎ Mining Earthquakes
    ︎ Low-tech Soil Testing
    ︎ Soil Texture Triangle
    ︎ Geologic Time Scale 
    ︎ Stratigraphic Colum
    ︎ Geographic Information System
    ︎ Ecotone
    ︎ Cultural Landscape

︎ Prototype
    ︎ Unter den Linden
    ︎ Zoological Landscape
    ︎ Counterculture
    ︎ Cultural Agency
    ︎ Mine-pit Lakes
    ︎ Parliament of Things

︎ Land distribution
    ︎ 1913 Natives Land Act
    ︎ District Six
    ︎ Eavesdropping
    ︎ Reconciliation Policy
    ︎ Land Grabbing
    ︎ Land Acting
    ︎ The Red Ants
    ︎ #PutSouthAfricansFirst
    ︎ Suburban Enclaves
    ︎ Parallel State

︎ Extraction
    ︎ Cullinan Diamond Mine
    ︎ Platinum Group Metals
    ︎ Zamazamas
    ︎ Gold Rush Inertia
    ︎ Sinkhole
    ︎ Maize Doctor
    ︎ Coal Hands

︎ Infrastructure
    ︎ Gautrain
    ︎ Le-guba
    ︎ Lesotho Water Project
    ︎ Deutscher Wald
    ︎ Arrival City

︎ Production
    ︎ Safari Economy
    ︎ Agritourism
    ︎ Rainfall Line
    ︎ Upington Airport
    ︎ Tiergarten Transformation
    ︎ Pivot Irrigation
    ︎ Allotment Garden
    ︎ Bokoni Terracing
    ︎ Johannesburg Forestation
    ︎ Game Farming Cycle

︎ Waste
    ︎ Trümmerberg
    ︎ Fab-Soil
    ︎ Mining Waste Belt
    ︎ Sanitary Landfilling
    ︎ Soil Structure
    ︎ Biogas Technology

︎ Pollution
    ︎ Dry Stacked Tailings
    ︎ Water Pollution
    ︎ Soil Pollution
    ︎ Uranium Sandstorms
    ︎ Poaching

︎ Remediation
    ︎ European Green Belt
    ︎ Conservation Agriculture
    ︎ Airfield Urbanism
    ︎ Solar Park
    ︎ Gold Reef City
    ︎ Mine Pit Lake
    ︎ Loess Plateau
    ︎ Erosion Control


“ ⁠Franschhoek Wine Tram hop-on hop-off tour for visitors to discover the Franschhoek Valley in South Africa and stop at some of the oldest wine estates together with activities on offer; wine tasting, a cellar tour, lunch.”

Agritourism, as the name suggests, is the intersection of agriculture and tourism, and involves activities which primarily take place on farms and other agriculture settings, and involve interactions between agricultural producers, farm products, and tourists, all for entertainment or education.1 Entrepreneurs and farmers turn to agritourism for income diversification,2 and for the purposes of preserving culture and heritage, and conserving natural resources and ecosystems of farmland.3
        Agritourism in South Africa dates back to the establishment of ostrich farms near Oudtshoorn in the Western Cape, introducing agritourism activities such as ostrich races and ostrich riding. One of the most popular agritourism products is wine tourism; the first South Africanwine route originated in 1971,4 and saw tourists visiting wine estates for wine tasting. A wine route allows the tourist to engage with the diversity of the natural and cultural features of the landscape. To stand out from competitors, brands involved in wine agritourism stress the unique nature of the grapes and the wines they produce, the soils and climate that give them distinctive character, and the cultural heritage attributes that mix environmental, cultural, and social features together in order to convey a distinctive character to each wine route.5

Image source:  Franschhoek Wine Tram. Franschhoek Wine Tram Experience. 2015. Vimeo 3.52

1.   Christelle Charlien van Zyl, Peet van der Merwe. De Gruyter. “ The motives of South African farmers for offering agri-tourism, Open Agriculture.” 2021. 537–548.
2.   Rogerson, C.M. and Rogerson, J.M. “Agritourism and local economic development in South Africa.” In: Rogerson, C.M. and Szymańska, D. editors, Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, No. 26, Toruń: Nicolaus Copernicus University. 2014. pp. 93–106.
3.   Christelle Charlien van Zyl. “The size and scope of agri-tourism  in South Africa 2020.” November 11, 2020.
4.   Christelle Charlien van Zyl. “The size and scope of agri-tourism  in South Africa 2020.” November 11, 2020.
5.   Bruwer, Johan. “South African Wine Routes: Some Perspectives on the Wine Tourism Industry’s Structural Dimensions and Wine Tourism Product.” Tourism Management, 2003, 423.