Project Global: Ground


This exploration of our current day metropolitan condition as a system of systems deals with the crust of the Earth as a primary carrying capacitor of human activities, from the extraction of resources deep within the ground, to agricultural operations that barely scratch the surface.

Part 1: Lexicon

Part 2: Atlas



Part 1: Lexicon index

︎ Formation

    ︎ Kaapvaal Craton
    ︎ Johannesburg Dome
    ︎ Vredefort Dome
    ︎ Topsoil
    ︎ Müggelsee


︎ Measurement    ︎ Schwerbelastungskörper
    ︎ Mining Earthquakes
    ︎ Low-tech Soil Testing
    ︎ Soil Texture Triangle
    ︎ Geologic Time Scale 
    ︎ Stratigraphic Colum
    ︎ Geographic Information System
    ︎ Ecotone
    ︎ Cultural Landscape

︎ Prototype
    ︎ Unter den Linden
    ︎ Zoological Landscape
    ︎ Counterculture
    ︎ Cultural Agency
    ︎ Mine-pit Lakes
    ︎ Parliament of Things

︎ Land distribution
    ︎ 1913 Natives Land Act
    ︎ District Six
    ︎ Eavesdropping
    ︎ Reconciliation Policy
    ︎ Land Grabbing
    ︎ Land Acting
    ︎ The Red Ants
    ︎ #PutSouthAfricansFirst
    ︎ Suburban Enclaves
    ︎ Parallel State

︎ Extraction
    ︎ Cullinan Diamond Mine
    ︎ Platinum Group Metals
    ︎ Zamazamas
    ︎ Gold Rush Inertia
    ︎ Sinkhole
    ︎ Maize Doctor
    ︎ Coal Hands

︎ Infrastructure
    ︎ Gautrain
    ︎ Le-guba
    ︎ Lesotho Water Project
    ︎ Deutscher Wald
    ︎ Arrival City

︎ Production
    ︎ Safari Economy
    ︎ Agritourism
    ︎ Rainfall Line
    ︎ Upington Airport
    ︎ Tiergarten Transformation
    ︎ Pivot Irrigation
    ︎ Allotment Garden
    ︎ Bokoni Terracing
    ︎ Johannesburg Forestation
    ︎ Game Farming Cycle

︎ Waste
    ︎ Trümmerberg
    ︎ Fab-Soil
    ︎ Mining Waste Belt
    ︎ Sanitary Landfilling
    ︎ Soil Structure
    ︎ Biogas Technology

︎ Pollution
    ︎ Dry Stacked Tailings
    ︎ Water Pollution
    ︎ Soil Pollution
    ︎ Uranium Sandstorms
    ︎ Poaching

︎ Remediation
    ︎ European Green Belt
    ︎ Conservation Agriculture
    ︎ Airfield Urbanism
    ︎ Solar Park
    ︎ Gold Reef City
    ︎ Mine Pit Lake
    ︎ Loess Plateau
    ︎ Erosion Control




Gautrain

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The railways in South Africa were constructed in 1870 in response to the discovery of diamonds in the Witwatersrand area. At the time, the British Cape Colony was one of Britain’s most exploited colonies; the construction of a railroad between the diamond mines and the port of Cape Town made “the economy of Cape Colony [to be] centered around the railroads.”
        Despite their importance in facilitating the South African economy, not all of its consequences have been positive. The Gautrain, for instance, is an 80-kilometer “express commuter rail system which links Johannesburg, Pretoria, Ekurhuleni and O.R. Tambo International Airport”1 that has been anecdotally defined as a “luxury train connecting rich communities” that leaves the townships it passes through disconnected and segregated. The township of Alexandra, for example, is located next to the wealthy suburb of Sandton - where a Gautrain is located - follows the railway as a pattern for its location. It is located on the east side of the railroad and barely connected by small streets and avenues and it is on this side where the townships or underdeveloped urban areas are often located. The relation between the infrastructure network of South Africa is not only focused in the most profitable and affluent areas but it is also disarticulating entire cities by not including the population as a whole.



Image source:  Arnold, Kathryn & Le Roux, Alize & Hattingh, Marcelle, “Impact of Gautrain stations on property prices and sales activity in the City of Johannesburg between 2006 and 2015”, South African Journal of Geomatics, 6 no.2 (2017):185. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319985139_Impact_of_Gautrain_stations_on_property_prices_and_sales_activity_in_the_City_of_Johannesburg_between_2006_and_2015


References
1.   “Gautrain”, Wikipedia, accessed March 6, 2022, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gautrain