Project Global: Ground

This exploration of our current day metropolitan condition as a system of systems deals with the crust of the Earth as a primary carrying capacitor of human activities, from the extraction of resources deep within the ground, to agricultural operations that barely scratch the surface.

Part 1: Lexicon

Part 2: Atlas

Part 3: Architectural Projects

Part 1: Lexicon index

︎ Formation

    ︎ Kaapvaal Craton
    ︎ Johannesburg Dome
    ︎ Vredefort Dome
    ︎ Topsoil
    ︎ Müggelsee

︎ Measurement    ︎ Schwerbelastungskörper
    ︎ Mining Earthquakes
    ︎ Low-tech Soil Testing
    ︎ Soil Texture Triangle
    ︎ Geologic Time Scale 
    ︎ Stratigraphic Colum
    ︎ Geographic Information System
    ︎ Ecotone
    ︎ Cultural Landscape

︎ Prototype
    ︎ Unter den Linden
    ︎ Zoological Landscape
    ︎ Counterculture
    ︎ Cultural Agency
    ︎ Mine-pit Lakes
    ︎ Parliament of Things

︎ Land distribution
    ︎ 1913 Natives Land Act
    ︎ District Six
    ︎ Eavesdropping
    ︎ Reconciliation Policy
    ︎ Land Grabbing
    ︎ Land Acting
    ︎ The Red Ants
    ︎ #PutSouthAfricansFirst
    ︎ Suburban Enclaves
    ︎ Parallel State

︎ Extraction
    ︎ Cullinan Diamond Mine
    ︎ Platinum Group Metals
    ︎ Zamazamas
    ︎ Gold Rush Inertia
    ︎ Sinkhole
    ︎ Maize Doctor
    ︎ Coal Hands

︎ Infrastructure
    ︎ Gautrain
    ︎ Le-guba
    ︎ Lesotho Water Project
    ︎ Deutscher Wald
    ︎ Arrival City

︎ Production
    ︎ Safari Economy
    ︎ Agritourism
    ︎ Rainfall Line
    ︎ Upington Airport
    ︎ Tiergarten Transformation
    ︎ Pivot Irrigation
    ︎ Allotment Garden
    ︎ Bokoni Terracing
    ︎ Johannesburg Forestation
    ︎ Game Farming Cycle

︎ Waste
    ︎ Trümmerberg
    ︎ Fab-Soil
    ︎ Mining Waste Belt
    ︎ Sanitary Landfilling
    ︎ Soil Structure
    ︎ Biogas Technology

︎ Pollution
    ︎ Dry Stacked Tailings
    ︎ Water Pollution
    ︎ Soil Pollution
    ︎ Uranium Sandstorms
    ︎ Poaching

︎ Remediation
    ︎ European Green Belt
    ︎ Conservation Agriculture
    ︎ Airfield Urbanism
    ︎ Solar Park
    ︎ Gold Reef City
    ︎ Mine Pit Lake
    ︎ Loess Plateau
    ︎ Erosion Control

Cultural Agency

“ ⁠— ”

A school sports pitch is land that is demarcated by goalposts, white lines and grandstands, and that is constantly maintained through trimming, aeration, and irrigation. A space of physical exercise, competition, and celebration, the sports pitch embodies many memories for the student. For South Africa, this outdoor area is especially associated with the sports of football, rugby, and cricket, due to the country’s British colonial past.
        Up until 1967, sports codes fell under the purview of apartheid-era legistation, which enforced segregation in sports facilities and activities. Black and mixed-race students were mostly allocated to poorer schools with lower standards of education and less available facilities overall. In 1967, however, South African sports teams and organizations were banned from competing internationally due to the nation’s institutionalized racism. In response, a movement towards depoliticizing the South African sporting world began.1 Since then, the cultural phenomena surrounding South African sports have been seen as clarion calls toward larger issues in South Africa. Protestors have invaded rugby pitches, presidents have celebrated unity through world-cup victories, and athletes have taken the knee internationally as symbolic gestures against racism in South Africa and across the world. 
        Physical education and sport have been seen as integral components of basic education. Even though South African sport has been championed as an agent for change, many historically white schools remain reluctant to compete with Black township schools in sporting events. These white schools continue to hold closed inter-school derbies and athletic meetings exclusively for other similarly resourced schools, all on their well-maintained sports fields. During an online poll held in 2021,2 thirty-seven of the thirty-eight sports fields nominated for South Africa’s most beautiful sports field, were from historically white schools. These factors call into question the influence of sport on social or political agendas, all while the sports.

Image source: Wormsley, John Thomas, Football Pitch, Oil on canvas, 1903, Flintshire Record Office.

1.  History of Sport – South Africa emerges from its dark past,, accessed on February 10 2022.
2.  SA School Sports, 21 Day lock down poll - which is the best school sports field in South Africa, 2021,, accessed on February 15 2022.