Project Global: Ground

This exploration of our current day metropolitan condition as a system of systems deals with the crust of the Earth as a primary carrying capacitor of human activities, from the extraction of resources deep within the ground, to agricultural operations that barely scratch the surface.

Part 1: Lexicon

Part 2: Atlas

Part 3: Architectural Projects

Part 1: Lexicon index

︎ Formation

    ︎ Kaapvaal Craton
    ︎ Johannesburg Dome
    ︎ Vredefort Dome
    ︎ Topsoil
    ︎ Müggelsee

︎ Measurement    ︎ Schwerbelastungskörper
    ︎ Mining Earthquakes
    ︎ Low-tech Soil Testing
    ︎ Soil Texture Triangle
    ︎ Geologic Time Scale 
    ︎ Stratigraphic Colum
    ︎ Geographic Information System
    ︎ Ecotone
    ︎ Cultural Landscape

︎ Prototype
    ︎ Unter den Linden
    ︎ Zoological Landscape
    ︎ Counterculture
    ︎ Cultural Agency
    ︎ Mine-pit Lakes
    ︎ Parliament of Things

︎ Land distribution
    ︎ 1913 Natives Land Act
    ︎ District Six
    ︎ Eavesdropping
    ︎ Reconciliation Policy
    ︎ Land Grabbing
    ︎ Land Acting
    ︎ The Red Ants
    ︎ #PutSouthAfricansFirst
    ︎ Suburban Enclaves
    ︎ Parallel State

︎ Extraction
    ︎ Cullinan Diamond Mine
    ︎ Platinum Group Metals
    ︎ Zamazamas
    ︎ Gold Rush Inertia
    ︎ Sinkhole
    ︎ Maize Doctor
    ︎ Coal Hands

︎ Infrastructure
    ︎ Gautrain
    ︎ Le-guba
    ︎ Lesotho Water Project
    ︎ Deutscher Wald
    ︎ Arrival City

︎ Production
    ︎ Safari Economy
    ︎ Agritourism
    ︎ Rainfall Line
    ︎ Upington Airport
    ︎ Tiergarten Transformation
    ︎ Pivot Irrigation
    ︎ Allotment Garden
    ︎ Bokoni Terracing
    ︎ Johannesburg Forestation
    ︎ Game Farming Cycle

︎ Waste
    ︎ Trümmerberg
    ︎ Fab-Soil
    ︎ Mining Waste Belt
    ︎ Sanitary Landfilling
    ︎ Soil Structure
    ︎ Biogas Technology

︎ Pollution
    ︎ Dry Stacked Tailings
    ︎ Water Pollution
    ︎ Soil Pollution
    ︎ Uranium Sandstorms
    ︎ Poaching

︎ Remediation
    ︎ European Green Belt
    ︎ Conservation Agriculture
    ︎ Airfield Urbanism
    ︎ Solar Park
    ︎ Gold Reef City
    ︎ Mine Pit Lake
    ︎ Loess Plateau
    ︎ Erosion Control

Parliament of Things

“ ⁠— ”

The Parliament of Things is a theory developed by Bruno Latour that makes a case for the rights of objects - i.e. non-humans. According to Latour, modern man refuses to recognise the rights, autonomy, and agency of objects. He advocates a vision of the world in which the value - not the worth - of objects and other entities plays an active role.
        Latour explains that human’s normative comprehension is based on the bilateral preconception of human and non-human counterparts, respectively entities that afforded free will and others that are not. Latour explains that non-human entities should also be formally represented, have rights, etc. in addition to human entities. In a recent lecture,1 Latour explains that non-human “things” only have a voice vicariously articulated by scientists, activities, artists etc...
        The theory’s crucial aspect is not in granting a series of formal rights to things but rather in the creation of an actual place for discussion - an ideal parliament. To explain this concept, Latour introduces the etymology of the word “thing” from Latin, res, (in Italian Cosa/causa) which means to assembly.
        The notion of assemblage is embedded in the word “causa.” Causa is often used to explain a conflict and it reveals, according to the philosopher, how ‘the collective’ cannot exist without conflicts without confronting opposing ideas. The conflict has a magnetic power of gathering and implies, at the same time, the notion of representation - therefore politics.
        To conclude, the Parliaments of Things aims to institutionalize the voice of non-human entities and produce a space in which non-human entities can manifest their voice on behalf of nature, generating real discussion against human entities as formal counterparts. 

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1.  Lecture entitles ™The Parliament of Things∫ by Bruno Lature at Radboud Reflects on the 25th Nov. 2020. Avaible at: