Project Global: Ground

This exploration of our current day metropolitan condition as a system of systems deals with the crust of the Earth as a primary carrying capacitor of human activities, from the extraction of resources deep within the ground, to agricultural operations that barely scratch the surface.

Part 1: Lexicon

Part 2: Atlas

Part 3: Architectural Projects

Part 1: Lexicon index

︎ Formation

    ︎ Kaapvaal Craton
    ︎ Johannesburg Dome
    ︎ Vredefort Dome
    ︎ Topsoil
    ︎ Müggelsee

︎ Measurement    ︎ Schwerbelastungskörper
    ︎ Mining Earthquakes
    ︎ Low-tech Soil Testing
    ︎ Soil Texture Triangle
    ︎ Geologic Time Scale 
    ︎ Stratigraphic Colum
    ︎ Geographic Information System
    ︎ Ecotone
    ︎ Cultural Landscape

︎ Prototype
    ︎ Unter den Linden
    ︎ Zoological Landscape
    ︎ Counterculture
    ︎ Cultural Agency
    ︎ Mine-pit Lakes
    ︎ Parliament of Things

︎ Land distribution
    ︎ 1913 Natives Land Act
    ︎ District Six
    ︎ Eavesdropping
    ︎ Reconciliation Policy
    ︎ Land Grabbing
    ︎ Land Acting
    ︎ The Red Ants
    ︎ #PutSouthAfricansFirst
    ︎ Suburban Enclaves
    ︎ Parallel State

︎ Extraction
    ︎ Cullinan Diamond Mine
    ︎ Platinum Group Metals
    ︎ Zamazamas
    ︎ Gold Rush Inertia
    ︎ Sinkhole
    ︎ Maize Doctor
    ︎ Coal Hands

︎ Infrastructure
    ︎ Gautrain
    ︎ Le-guba
    ︎ Lesotho Water Project
    ︎ Deutscher Wald
    ︎ Arrival City

︎ Production
    ︎ Safari Economy
    ︎ Agritourism
    ︎ Rainfall Line
    ︎ Upington Airport
    ︎ Tiergarten Transformation
    ︎ Pivot Irrigation
    ︎ Allotment Garden
    ︎ Bokoni Terracing
    ︎ Johannesburg Forestation
    ︎ Game Farming Cycle

︎ Waste
    ︎ Trümmerberg
    ︎ Fab-Soil
    ︎ Mining Waste Belt
    ︎ Sanitary Landfilling
    ︎ Soil Structure
    ︎ Biogas Technology

︎ Pollution
    ︎ Dry Stacked Tailings
    ︎ Water Pollution
    ︎ Soil Pollution
    ︎ Uranium Sandstorms
    ︎ Poaching

︎ Remediation
    ︎ European Green Belt
    ︎ Conservation Agriculture
    ︎ Airfield Urbanism
    ︎ Solar Park
    ︎ Gold Reef City
    ︎ Mine Pit Lake
    ︎ Loess Plateau
    ︎ Erosion Control


“ ⁠— ”

The controversial nationalist group Operation Dudula marched through Hillbrow, Johannesburg on Saturday, 19 February 2022, demanding one-hundred-percent employment of South Africans, and that illegal immigrants should be removed from abandoned buildings that they squatted in the city center. Demonstrating under the hashtag of #PutSouthAfricansFirst, protests garnered international attention, with many international commentators on social media citing the risks of increased xenophobic violence against foreigners and their property, as calls for illegal immigrants to leave the South Africa were amplified.1
        High unemployment, increasing migration, and a weakened economy exacerbated the situation. Contemporary estimates placed three to eight million foreigners living in South Africa,2 a telling statistic in that its inaccuracy illustrated how many newcomers avoided legal registration or the national census once settling in the country.
        Immigration was a top issue of social media debate at the time.3 Politicians made statistically variant claims on the size of the foreign population in the country. Many parties began promoting increasingly exclusionary policies toward foreigners in order to increase their popularity.

Image source:  Operation Dudula flag, “Our Economy, Our Heritage”

1.  Newz Room Afrika, Interview with Nhlanhla Lux, Leader of Operation Dudula, , 19:54, 05 February 2022
2.   “Just how many foreigners are in South Africa? We checked the data”, ZimFact, ,  November 16, 2022.
3.   McKenzie, Gayton, “All prisoners in Somalia dream about life in South Africa upon release, We have 10 million undocumented foreigners in SA, how can we ever win the fight against crime?”, twitter, post, October 20, 2022, 09:20