Project Global: Ground


This exploration of our current day metropolitan condition as a system of systems deals with the crust of the Earth as a primary carrying capacitor of human activities, from the extraction of resources deep within the ground, to agricultural operations that barely scratch the surface.

Part 1: Lexicon

Part 2: Atlas



Part 1: Lexicon index

︎ Formation

    ︎ Kaapvaal Craton
    ︎ Johannesburg Dome
    ︎ Vredefort Dome
    ︎ Topsoil
    ︎ Müggelsee


︎ Measurement    ︎ Schwerbelastungskörper
    ︎ Mining Earthquakes
    ︎ Low-tech Soil Testing
    ︎ Soil Texture Triangle
    ︎ Geologic Time Scale 
    ︎ Stratigraphic Colum
    ︎ Geographic Information System
    ︎ Ecotone
    ︎ Cultural Landscape

︎ Prototype
    ︎ Unter den Linden
    ︎ Zoological Landscape
    ︎ Counterculture
    ︎ Cultural Agency
    ︎ Mine-pit Lakes
    ︎ Parliament of Things

︎ Land distribution
    ︎ 1913 Natives Land Act
    ︎ District Six
    ︎ Eavesdropping
    ︎ Reconciliation Policy
    ︎ Land Grabbing
    ︎ Land Acting
    ︎ The Red Ants
    ︎ #PutSouthAfricansFirst
    ︎ Suburban Enclaves
    ︎ Parallel State

︎ Extraction
    ︎ Cullinan Diamond Mine
    ︎ Platinum Group Metals
    ︎ Zamazamas
    ︎ Gold Rush Inertia
    ︎ Sinkhole
    ︎ Maize Doctor
    ︎ Coal Hands

︎ Infrastructure
    ︎ Gautrain
    ︎ Le-guba
    ︎ Lesotho Water Project
    ︎ Deutscher Wald
    ︎ Arrival City

︎ Production
    ︎ Safari Economy
    ︎ Agritourism
    ︎ Rainfall Line
    ︎ Upington Airport
    ︎ Tiergarten Transformation
    ︎ Pivot Irrigation
    ︎ Allotment Garden
    ︎ Bokoni Terracing
    ︎ Johannesburg Forestation
    ︎ Game Farming Cycle

︎ Waste
    ︎ Trümmerberg
    ︎ Fab-Soil
    ︎ Mining Waste Belt
    ︎ Sanitary Landfilling
    ︎ Soil Structure
    ︎ Biogas Technology

︎ Pollution
    ︎ Dry Stacked Tailings
    ︎ Water Pollution
    ︎ Soil Pollution
    ︎ Uranium Sandstorms
    ︎ Poaching

︎ Remediation
    ︎ European Green Belt
    ︎ Conservation Agriculture
    ︎ Airfield Urbanism
    ︎ Solar Park
    ︎ Gold Reef City
    ︎ Mine Pit Lake
    ︎ Loess Plateau
    ︎ Erosion Control




Reconciliation Policy

“ ⁠—”


The Restitution of Land Rights Act 22 of 1994 was a critical racial reconciliatory document following the end of apartheid in South Africa.  Promulgated as part of the 1994 Interim Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, the act gave native peoples and communities that were displaced and expropriated due to apartheid, the right to be restituted or compensated for their dispossessed properties.1
        The restitution act also established the Land Claims Commission, which processed claims of the expropriated native proprietors, and awarded land compensations for the landowners that were losing their property as a result of the reparations.
Claimants qualified if they were
  • Must be a person dispossessed of a right in land after 19 June 1913 as a result of past racially discriminatory laws or practices.
  • Is a deceased estate disposed of a right in land after 19 June 1913 as a result of past racially discriminatory laws and practices.
  • Must be a direct descendant of a person referred to in paragraph (a) who died before lodging a claim, and has no ascendant.
The individual, community or part of community dispossessed of a right in land after 19 June 1913, as a result of past discriminatory laws and practices.2


Image source:  Government Gazette Of The Republic Of South Africa, No. 22 Of 1994: Restitution Of Land Rights Act, 1994, Pg 1, 2 .



References
1.  SAHO. “Land Restitution in South Africa since 1994.” South African History Online, April 4, 2014. https://www.sahistory.org.za/article/land-restitution-south-africa-1994.
2.  South African Government. “Restitution of Land Rights Act 22 of 1994.” GOVERNMENT GAZETIE, November 25, 1994. https://www.gov.za/sites/default/files/gcis_document/201409/act22of1994.pdf.