Project Global: Ground

This exploration of our current day metropolitan condition as a system of systems deals with the crust of the Earth as a primary carrying capacitor of human activities, from the extraction of resources deep within the ground, to agricultural operations that barely scratch the surface.

Part 1: Lexicon

Part 2: Atlas

Part 3: Architectural Projects

Part 1: Lexicon index

︎ Formation

    ︎ Kaapvaal Craton
    ︎ Johannesburg Dome
    ︎ Vredefort Dome
    ︎ Topsoil
    ︎ Müggelsee

︎ Measurement    ︎ Schwerbelastungskörper
    ︎ Mining Earthquakes
    ︎ Low-tech Soil Testing
    ︎ Soil Texture Triangle
    ︎ Geologic Time Scale 
    ︎ Stratigraphic Colum
    ︎ Geographic Information System
    ︎ Ecotone
    ︎ Cultural Landscape

︎ Prototype
    ︎ Unter den Linden
    ︎ Zoological Landscape
    ︎ Counterculture
    ︎ Cultural Agency
    ︎ Mine-pit Lakes
    ︎ Parliament of Things

︎ Land distribution
    ︎ 1913 Natives Land Act
    ︎ District Six
    ︎ Eavesdropping
    ︎ Reconciliation Policy
    ︎ Land Grabbing
    ︎ Land Acting
    ︎ The Red Ants
    ︎ #PutSouthAfricansFirst
    ︎ Suburban Enclaves
    ︎ Parallel State

︎ Extraction
    ︎ Cullinan Diamond Mine
    ︎ Platinum Group Metals
    ︎ Zamazamas
    ︎ Gold Rush Inertia
    ︎ Sinkhole
    ︎ Maize Doctor
    ︎ Coal Hands

︎ Infrastructure
    ︎ Gautrain
    ︎ Le-guba
    ︎ Lesotho Water Project
    ︎ Deutscher Wald
    ︎ Arrival City

︎ Production
    ︎ Safari Economy
    ︎ Agritourism
    ︎ Rainfall Line
    ︎ Upington Airport
    ︎ Tiergarten Transformation
    ︎ Pivot Irrigation
    ︎ Allotment Garden
    ︎ Bokoni Terracing
    ︎ Johannesburg Forestation
    ︎ Game Farming Cycle

︎ Waste
    ︎ Trümmerberg
    ︎ Fab-Soil
    ︎ Mining Waste Belt
    ︎ Sanitary Landfilling
    ︎ Soil Structure
    ︎ Biogas Technology

︎ Pollution
    ︎ Dry Stacked Tailings
    ︎ Water Pollution
    ︎ Soil Pollution
    ︎ Uranium Sandstorms
    ︎ Poaching

︎ Remediation
    ︎ European Green Belt
    ︎ Conservation Agriculture
    ︎ Airfield Urbanism
    ︎ Solar Park
    ︎ Gold Reef City
    ︎ Mine Pit Lake
    ︎ Loess Plateau
    ︎ Erosion Control


“ Underground culture reemerges into the spotlight amidst a recognition of decades of protest.”

Underground culture, or simply "underground", is a term used to describe various countercultural movements or groups of individuals that either consider themselves different from the mainstream of society and culture, or are considered so by others. The word "underground" invokes a world historical trend of resistance movements against and often literally “underneath” harsh regimes.
        The end of South African apartheid in 19891 led to the emergence and celebration of previously underground cultural trends. The music genres of Kwaito, Gqom and South African House, all of which were racially-charged, and could not have been licensed under apartheid law, began to be played more often. A compilation of rare pictures of Hillbrow underground bars in the 1960s was exhibited on the anniversary of the referendum that saw South Africans vote to abolish apartheid, celebrating these venues as moments of dismantling segregated norms. In Johannesburg, promoters began to host events in venues such as old cinemas, empty warehouses, the abandoned Constitution Hill precinct, and previously White-owned clubs. These spaces had urban allure, fostering a space for escapism and multiculturalism, and breeding new formats of diversity and inclusion in the reborn multi-racial democracy of South Africa.2

Image source: Underground Nightclub, diagram, author

1.  The fall of the Berlin Wall also began the unification of a scarred and divided nation. a culture of unity presented into a sub-genre of electronic music never seen before. Fans of electronic music at parties and raves promoted freedom and hedonism, garnering international attention, as crowds of people came together with followers who were interested in attending these events. Abandoned buildings were turned into temporary clubs and DJs became Berlin’s famous and well known.
2.  Zandi, Tisani. How Club Culture Started In 90's Johannesburg | Rave & Resistance
. Red Bull Music,