Project Global: Ground


This exploration of our current day metropolitan condition as a system of systems deals with the crust of the Earth as a primary carrying capacitor of human activities, from the extraction of resources deep within the ground, to agricultural operations that barely scratch the surface.

Part 1: Lexicon

Part 2: Atlas



Part 1: Lexicon index

︎ Formation

    ︎ Kaapvaal Craton
    ︎ Johannesburg Dome
    ︎ Vredefort Dome
    ︎ Topsoil
    ︎ Müggelsee


︎ Measurement    ︎ Schwerbelastungskörper
    ︎ Mining Earthquakes
    ︎ Low-tech Soil Testing
    ︎ Soil Texture Triangle
    ︎ Geologic Time Scale 
    ︎ Stratigraphic Colum
    ︎ Geographic Information System
    ︎ Ecotone
    ︎ Cultural Landscape

︎ Prototype
    ︎ Unter den Linden
    ︎ Zoological Landscape
    ︎ Counterculture
    ︎ Cultural Agency
    ︎ Mine-pit Lakes
    ︎ Parliament of Things

︎ Land distribution
    ︎ 1913 Natives Land Act
    ︎ District Six
    ︎ Eavesdropping
    ︎ Reconciliation Policy
    ︎ Land Grabbing
    ︎ Land Acting
    ︎ The Red Ants
    ︎ #PutSouthAfricansFirst
    ︎ Suburban Enclaves
    ︎ Parallel State

︎ Extraction
    ︎ Cullinan Diamond Mine
    ︎ Platinum Group Metals
    ︎ Zamazamas
    ︎ Gold Rush Inertia
    ︎ Sinkhole
    ︎ Maize Doctor
    ︎ Coal Hands

︎ Infrastructure
    ︎ Gautrain
    ︎ Le-guba
    ︎ Lesotho Water Project
    ︎ Deutscher Wald
    ︎ Arrival City

︎ Production
    ︎ Safari Economy
    ︎ Agritourism
    ︎ Rainfall Line
    ︎ Upington Airport
    ︎ Tiergarten Transformation
    ︎ Pivot Irrigation
    ︎ Allotment Garden
    ︎ Bokoni Terracing
    ︎ Johannesburg Forestation
    ︎ Game Farming Cycle

︎ Waste
    ︎ Trümmerberg
    ︎ Fab-Soil
    ︎ Mining Waste Belt
    ︎ Sanitary Landfilling
    ︎ Soil Structure
    ︎ Biogas Technology

︎ Pollution
    ︎ Dry Stacked Tailings
    ︎ Water Pollution
    ︎ Soil Pollution
    ︎ Uranium Sandstorms
    ︎ Poaching

︎ Remediation
    ︎ European Green Belt
    ︎ Conservation Agriculture
    ︎ Airfield Urbanism
    ︎ Solar Park
    ︎ Gold Reef City
    ︎ Mine Pit Lake
    ︎ Loess Plateau
    ︎ Erosion Control




Geographic Information System

“ How can we visualize and share the enormous amount of information we have about the face of the Earth?”


Geographic Information Systems, commonly referred to through the acronym GIS, is an open-source digital tool that creates, manages, analyzes, and maps-out data.1 It has become an open-portal instrument that improves collaboration across different fields, and allows for increased operational efficiency by visualizing real time information across all scales. GIS also allows for the collection and collation of time-lapse satellite photography, in order to understand the evolution of a site over time, and to improve natural resource management.
        GIS technology uses geographic location as the index through which to overlay different forms of information, which are obtained through the use of satellites and their capacity for electromagnetic radiation that enables precise positioning on the Earth’s surface.
        GIS technology is heavily used in earth science fields because of its versatility to visualize and overlay information such as land use, topography, agriculture, soil type, infrastructure, and vegetation, amongst many others at specific locations two and three-dimensionally. For instance, the department of Mining and Minerals Division can use GIS to survey potential mining sites and control current activity in order to mitigate environmental impact and ensu.2




Image source: ‘GIS and Remote Sensing | Plansup’. Accessed 19 March 2022. https://www.plansup.nl/expertise/gis-and-remote-sensing/.


References
1.  Society, National Geographic. ‘GIS (Geographic Information System)’. National Geographic Society, 21 June 2017. http://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/geographic
2.  USC GIS Online. ‘The Application of Geographic Information Science in Earth Sciences’, 17 April 2021. https://gis.usc.edu/blog/the-application-of-geographic-and-information-science-gis-in-earth-sciences/.