Exports vs Imports
The long-standing and well-developed commercial agricultural sector of South Africa is split between a diverse crop mix of vegetables, fruits, nuts, and grains, and livestock via poultry, sheep, cattle, goats, and swine.
On the global stage, South Africa can supply both near and far with its diverse agricultural portfolio at strategic seasons of the year during which the agricultural operations of other nations are climatically slowed or stopped. South African fruits, such as grapes and oranges, can be found in Western Europe; South African beef is consumed in Southeast Asia and the Middle East; South African grains are exported to its continental Africa neighbors for both human and livestock consumption. At the same time, South Africa imports rice, wheat, palm oil, and sugar—all of which are not easily produced in South African climatic conditions—and agricultural machinery and fertilizer, which remain the domain of foreign nations.