Project Global: Ground


This exploration of our current day metropolitan condition as a system of systems deals with the crust of the Earth as a primary carrying capacitor of human activities, from the extraction of resources deep within the ground, to agricultural operations that barely scratch the surface.

Part 1: Lexicon

Part 2: Atlas



Part 2: Atlas index

︎ Extraction
    ︎ Macro-economy
    ︎ Totems
    ︎ I. Gold
    ︎ II. Coal/Power   
    ︎ III. Water

    ︎ IV. Platinum
    ︎ Network

︎ Off-cycle
    ︎ Tailing Index
        ︎ Gold
        ︎ Platinum Group Metal
        ︎ Coal
        ︎ Chrome
        ︎ Vanadium
        ︎ Fluorite
        ︎ Diamond
    ︎ Mine Waste Landscape

    ︎ Case Study 1: Gold
    ︎ Case Study 2: Diamond
    ︎ Case Study 3: PMG
    ︎ Case Study 4: Fluorite
    ︎ Case Study 5: Coal

    ︎ Impact Air
    ︎ Impact: Ground
    ︎ Impact: Water


︎ Capacity
    ︎ Cashbuild for your backyarding needs!
    ︎ Material Proximity
    ︎ Township’s Evolution
    ︎ Townships’ Formation
    ︎ Nodes and Corridors
    ︎ Policy Resistance
    ︎ Township Renewal
    ︎ Infrastructure Density
    ︎ Regulated Infrastructure
    ︎ Pressure Points

    ︎ Shack Catalog

︎ Private Archipelagos
    ︎ Private Archipelagos
    ︎ Company Town
    ︎ Extended Networks
    ︎ Unstable Terrain
    ︎ Industrial Park
    ︎ Parallel Connections
    ︎ Industrial Pollution
    ︎ Planned City
    ︎ Commute Network
    ︎ On Site Resources
    ︎ Buffer Zone

    ︎ Informal Commerce

︎ Productive Land
    ︎ Exports vs Imports   
    ︎ Agricultural Land   
    ︎ Imports vs Exports
    ︎ Distribution
    ︎ Orchards
    ︎ Crops
    ︎ Livestock
    ︎ Game Farms
    ︎ Poultry
    ︎ Informal Trade


︎ Cultural Landscape

    ︎ Street Trees Distribution
    ︎ Golf Courses 1
    ︎ Game & Nature Reserves
    ︎ Trees Species Catalog
    ︎ Golf Courses 2
    ︎ Dinokeng Game Reserve 1
    ︎ Botanical Garden
    ︎ Jackal Creek Golf
    ︎ Dinokeng Game Reserve 2
    ︎ Herbarium
    ︎ Golf Courses 3
    ︎ Specificity




Case Study 2: Diamond

Cullinan


The Cullinan mine is an open-pit mine that was discovered in 1902. It is the source of large, high-quality gem diamonds, with a production of 1,9m carats in 2021. Mining activities cause particle pollution, water pollution, and noise pollution and affect the local flora and fauna, farmers and residents (mainly of the Refilwe town). The most prominent issue however is related to the labour conditions. The Kimberlite pipe, from which the diamond is mined, contains asbestos. During mining activities, particles are released into the air. Workers are at risk and can develop several cancers, its actual impact is never researched.

This visual portrays the activities and environmental impact of the diamond mine on the region of Cullinan. Diamonds mines produce several forms of pollution in terms of air quality, water pollution, traffic, noise and loss of fauna and flora. Although, the most prominent inssue is addressed to labour conditions. Asbestos is associated with South African diamond mines due to the nature of kimberlite and the location of the diamond mines in relation to asbestos deposits. By craking stones, diamond mine workers are at risk of asbestos exposure and, thus, of developing asbestos-related diseases.