Zuikerbosch is the primary pumping station for the entire Gauteng region, supplying both municipal general uses and for agricultural and mining operations. The water processed at Zuikerbosch is piped via an above-ground canal from the Vaal Dam 26km to the South which is fed from water originating in Lesotho that is piped into the Vaal Lake tributary areas. The water from Lesotho is conducted to Gauteng via the tunnels dug as part of the Lesotho Highlands Water Project. Gauteng’s population rapidly grew after gold was first discovered in the region, outstripping the region’s natural resource supply. This necessitated the importation of supplemental resources and goods to sustain the burgeoning community.