The Agrarian Rehabilitation Center of CArletonville DIstrict Area is a penitentiary center located next to one of the facilities of Blyvooruitzicht mining company at the area of Carletonville. Following existing principles set by other prisons in both the infrastructural development and the activities offered to the inmates, A.R.C.CA.DI.A target will provide prospects for future development to both the inmates and the local area.
    The tailings of the area will be researched and transformed into active agricultural fields with a collaboration between A.R.C.CA.DI.A and the local authorities. These programmes will contain training courses held on the penitentiary’s premises on agricultural activities like planting and harvesting, along with few basic science lessons for the needs of the research points. After that the inmates will be exercising and working on top of the tailings gaining experience that will help them in a graduate integration to society after the end of their sentences. Moreover, the area of Carletonville will be transformed to a new center of agricultural production and distribution providing to the local community, the inmates and even Johannesburg with daily fresh products.

Company Towns

Carletonville, Johannesburg

Company towns are residential complexes that come fit with the basic services, developed by the mining company and adjacent to the sources of extraction. Their strong connection to the mining companies came not only through its residents who were mainly employees but also through infrastructural links as most of them were taken services like electricity or water form the main mining infrastructures. This development also drew many people to move in these towns leaving back the cities, creating a new center around the mines.

Abandoned Towns

Carletonville, Johannesburg

In the area of Carletonville there is a high number of abandoned towns which was the result of the mines’ closure or the relocation of the company. Carletonville is an example of this phenomena holding a reserve of infrastructure. The lack of resources and maintenance led to the increase of informal settlements and criminality in the total area. As a sequence the image of the area is becoming less attractive and from the mining center that it used to be it is transforming to a ghost.


Sanne van den Breemer
Filip Geerts
Ilmar Hurkxkens

Director of Studies

Salomon Frausto


Nigel Alarcon(MX), Pooja Bhave(IN), Mariano Cuofano(IT), Fabiola Cruz(PE), Alonso Díaz(MX), Xiaoyu Ding(CN), Ines Garcia‑Lezana(ES), Sandra Garcia(ES), Martino Greco(IT), Sebastian Hitchcock(ZA), Alejandra Huesca(MX), Yesah Hwangbo(KR), Takuma Johnson(US), Yi-Ni Lin(TW), Paola Tovar(MX), Cristhy Mattos(BR), Preradon Pimpakan(TH), Adi Samet(IL), Raymond Tang(US), Kulaporn Temudom(TH), Danai Tsigkanou(GR), Jesse Verdoes(NL), Rongting Xiao(CN)