Johannesburg Imported Landscape
The Gauteng province is the smallest and most densely populated area of South Africa and holds approximately 62 golf courses. most of these planned landscapes are highly manicured private spaces that demand high amounts of natural resources to operate and service to a small part of the community. Golf courses illustrate the shift from race to the class-based exclusion that has characterized South Africa since 1994.
On average, an 18 holes golf course covers 60 hectares, from which just 30% of the total size corresponds to the playing area (fairway), 10% to club facilities and the rest 60% of the site is the Rough. The Rough is the area outside the fairways, characterized by a high manicured ground and thicker grass that is usually on higher or lower ground that composes an idyllic vision of European landscapes.