Cake Town

The meteor that struck South Africa 2,1 million years ago, fractured the ground and angled the rock strata diagonally down into earth, radiating towards the centre of the crater and ultimately creating Witwatersrand. The gold-rich layers of the Witwatersrand Supergroup were subsequently covered by layers of boulders and dust, protecting it from erosion. This particular landscape condition has led to the extraction of gold from 1886, resulting in hundreds of tailings in the Gauteng region.
        As seen in the mini-atlas ‘Off-cycle’, the tailing facilities continue to have detrimental effects on the region and its people through water, air, and ground pollution. However, re-mining —which has become profitable due to the rise in gold prices— provides a unique opportunity to reshape this landscape. The project, situated in the centre of the Vredefort Crater, suggests a final resting place for mine waste in which environmental effects are controlled, spatializing the ungraspable impact of the mining industry.


Sanne van den Breemer
Filip Geerts
Ilmar Hurkxkens

Director of Studies

Salomon Frausto


Nigel Alarcon(MX), Pooja Bhave(IN), Mariano Cuofano(IT), Fabiola Cruz(PE), Alonso Díaz(MX), Xiaoyu Ding(CN), Ines Garcia‑Lezana(ES), Sandra Garcia(ES), Martino Greco(IT), Sebastian Hitchcock(ZA), Alejandra Huesca(MX), Yesah Hwangbo(KR), Takuma Johnson(US), Yi-Ni Lin(TW), Paola Tovar(MX), Cristhy Mattos(BR), Preradon Pimpakan(TH), Adi Samet(IL), Raymond Tang(US), Kulaporn Temudom(TH), Danai Tsigkanou(GR), Jesse Verdoes(NL), Rongting Xiao(CN)