Golf courses are significant social and ecological spaces that have contributed to increasing social polarization and environmental injustice in Johannesburg. Most of these planned landscapes are highly manicured private spaces that demand high amounts of natural resources to operate and service to a small part of the community. Golf courses illustrate the shift from race to the class-based exclusion that has characterized South Africa since 1994.
        On average, an 18 holes golf course covers 60 hectares, from which just 30% of the total size corresponds to the playing area (fairway), 10% to club facilities and the rest  60% of the site is the Rough. The Rough is the area outside the fairways, characterized by a high manicured ground and thicker grass that is usually on higher or lower ground that composes an idyllic vision of European landscapes.
        Under these conditions, the project looks to turn the Soweto Country Club into the epicenter of a city program that envisions overtaking the off-play areas of the golf courses in Johannesburg to transform them into food production devices in service of communities. Through three phases, the program will prepare community volunteers to work the ground, then will produce food through sustainable agriculture techniques and as a final will become the center of the accessible food market distributor, concentrating the food produced in the red of agricultural golf courses.


Sanne van den Breemer
Filip Geerts
Ilmar Hurkxkens

Director of Studies

Salomon Frausto


Nigel Alarcon(MX), Pooja Bhave(IN), Mariano Cuofano(IT), Fabiola Cruz(PE), Alonso Díaz(MX), Xiaoyu Ding(CN), Ines Garcia‑Lezana(ES), Sandra Garcia(ES), Martino Greco(IT), Sebastian Hitchcock(ZA), Alejandra Huesca(MX), Yesah Hwangbo(KR), Takuma Johnson(US), Yi-Ni Lin(TW), Paola Tovar(MX), Cristhy Mattos(BR), Preradon Pimpakan(TH), Adi Samet(IL), Raymond Tang(US), Kulaporn Temudom(TH), Danai Tsigkanou(GR), Jesse Verdoes(NL), Rongting Xiao(CN)