Seeking to explore power as crucial factor in the design of the built environment, we will look at energy systems and related objects, from sites of generation to spaces of consumption, from distribution networks to control rooms.

Tutors: Filip Geerts and Sanne van den Breemer
Director of Studies: Salomon Frausto

Contributors: Santiago Ardila, Juan Benavides, Daniella Camarena, Stef Dingen, Marco Fusco, Jack Garay Arauzo, Theodora Gelali, Shaiwanti Gupta, Hao Hsu, Marianthi Papangelopoulou, Felipe Quintero, Gent Shehu, Siyuan Wang

Part 1: Catalogue and Lexicon

Based on both desk research and fieldwork surveys, we selected, documented, and classified a set of reference projects. From these specific lenses these  case studies  aimed to identify general design principles with relevance to power. Exploring the potential types and scopes of associated architectural projects the comprehensive cataloguing of objects and related systems give insight into the metabolism of modern metropolis.

Concrete Object: A specific object that fits in the matrix and in turn helps navigate through the system.
Failure of Systems: A condition that proclaims incompetency of the system.
Idealization of a System: A seemingly perfect condition.
Institutional: A framing or influence on the system through an institutional body.
Public Opinion: A view prevalent in the Public.


The average size of an apartment is sixty seven square meters per household. Many agents will refer to the price of the apartment per tsubo (one tsubo = 3.3 sqm).



Algae Biomass and Energy System R&D Center was established at the University of Tsukuba on July 1, 2015. Consisting of fifty members of the university, this algae biomass research center is one of the largest of its kind in Japan.



The French Publicis Groupe S.A. and Japanese Dentsu Inc. (株式会社電通 Kabushiki-gaisha Dentsū) are among the biggest multinational advertising corporations. Their market is divided in four main categories: National advertisement market (media projects), advertisement-related projects (marketing services), new market (sport events advertisement) and foreign market (all three categories internationally).