Seeking to explore power as crucial factor in the design of the built environment, we will look at energy systems and related objects, from sites of generation to spaces of consumption, from distribution networks to control rooms.

Tutors: Filip Geerts and Sanne van den Breemer
Director of Studies: Salomon Frausto

Contributors: Santiago Ardila, Juan Benavides, Daniella Camarena, Stef Dingen, Marco Fusco, Jack Garay Arauzo, Theodora Gelali, Shaiwanti Gupta, Hao Hsu, Marianthi Papangelopoulou, Felipe Quintero, Gent Shehu, Siyuan Wang


Idealization of systemConsumption, Housing, Distribution, Neighbourhood, Metropolitan, Construction, Real Estate, Economy, Lifestyle, Governance, Mosaic

1R: One room studio,1K: one studio with separate kitchen, 2DK: two rooms with dining and kitchen area, 3LDK: three rooms with dining, kitchen and living area, codes according to the number of rooms plus the living areas. Real estate agencies use these codes to advertise the different dwellings they have to offer.
    The average size of an apartment is sixty seven square meters per household. Many agents will refer to the price of the apartment per tsubo (one tsubo = 3.3 sqm). Tatami mats are often used as a measurement to the room, a tatami = “帖” measures 1.80 x 0.90 cm or 1.62 sqm and the standard size of a bedroom is 6J=6 tatamis.      
    According to the Tokyo statistical data handbook the percentage of apartments have been increasingly growing with an average of 75% of the households under this typology. It is due mainly because land in Tokyo is expensive and because the multiple dwelling model offers a variety of households from which to choose, from singles to nuclear families and as well new developments offer security against earthquakes.
    In the case of Paris, real estate agents use codes to define social housing units. The terms T1: studio apartment, T2: one bedroom apartment, T3: three bedroom apartment. Each one contains a kitchen and a bathroom. The letter “T” stands for “pièces” unit of living space in a multi-dwelling, and can as well appear as an “F” when referring to a house. As well, the ads contain the categorizing type of energy consumption of the house from A (-50) to G (+450) KWhep/m2 per year, creating a concern and awareness for the building energy performance.
    Having codes as references to apartments types relates with the real estate’s idea of houses as products, from where square meters, equipment, finishes and location within the city is what establishes the price.

1. Japanology plus, “Housing” November 2016