Seeking to explore power as crucial factor in the design of the built environment, we will look at energy systems and related objects, from sites of generation to spaces of consumption, from distribution networks to control rooms.

Tutors: Filip Geerts and Sanne van den Breemer
Director of Studies: Salomon Frausto

Contributors: Santiago Ardila, Juan Benavides, Daniella Camarena, Stef Dingen, Marco Fusco, Jack Garay Arauzo, Theodora Gelali, Shaiwanti Gupta, Hao Hsu, Marianthi Papangelopoulou, Felipe Quintero, Gent Shehu, Siyuan Wang


The term wazawai (災) in Japanese stands for catastrophic misfortune and it’s made up of the kanji for 火 (fire) and topped by what looks like three hiragana く(ku) which is a short version of the kanji for river. Wazawai is an old kanji that originally meant the wrath of the heavens (floods and fire) descending upon the land to punish evildoers[1]. This catastrophe can be divided in two categories: manmade disasters (人災) and natural disasters (天災). Nuclear power explosions, fires, tsunamis, typhoons, and earthquakes are all part of the most dreaded words in Japanese language.