Seeking to explore power as crucial factor in the design of the built environment, we will look at energy systems and related objects, from sites of generation to spaces of consumption, from distribution networks to control rooms.

Tutors: Filip Geerts and Sanne van den Breemer
Director of Studies: Salomon Frausto

Contributors: Santiago Ardila, Juan Benavides, Daniella Camarena, Stef Dingen, Marco Fusco, Jack Garay Arauzo, Theodora Gelali, Shaiwanti Gupta, Hao Hsu, Marianthi Papangelopoulou, Felipe Quintero, Gent Shehu, Siyuan Wang


Pachinko is an electronic amusement machine. Its name comes from the metal balls inside the machine. It was invented in Nagoya at the beginning of the 20th century, and the initial idea of the game was used for entertaining kids. After a period of development, pachinko became a way of gambling, and it was banned in 1942 and restarted in 1946.