Seeking to explore power as crucial factor in the design of the built environment, we will look at energy systems and related objects, from sites of generation to spaces of consumption, from distribution networks to control rooms.

Tutors: Filip Geerts and Sanne van den Breemer
Director of Studies: Salomon Frausto

Contributors: Santiago Ardila, Juan Benavides, Daniella Camarena, Stef Dingen, Marco Fusco, Jack Garay Arauzo, Theodora Gelali, Shaiwanti Gupta, Hao Hsu, Marianthi Papangelopoulou, Felipe Quintero, Gent Shehu, Siyuan Wang


While Hong Kong is the most light polluted city, other cities that are facing this problem and that are often cited by institutions that study this type of pollution include Las Vegas, Tokyo, Seoul and New York. Trying to face these problems and keep the light pollution under moderation, the Tokyo government adopted a nonmandatory, voluntary approach and guidelines without binding force for all external lighting installations.