Seeking to explore power as crucial factor in the design of the built environment, we will look at energy systems and related objects, from sites of generation to spaces of consumption, from distribution networks to control rooms.

Tutors: Filip Geerts and Sanne van den Breemer
Director of Studies: Salomon Frausto

Contributors: Santiago Ardila, Juan Benavides, Daniella Camarena, Stef Dingen, Marco Fusco, Jack Garay Arauzo, Theodora Gelali, Shaiwanti Gupta, Hao Hsu, Marianthi Papangelopoulou, Felipe Quintero, Gent Shehu, Siyuan Wang

Clean Coal

Public opinion, Fuel, Nuclear, Resources, Global, Earthquake, Nuclear Disaster, Construction, Economy, Governance, Mosaic

When it comes to Fuel, public opinion has been determinant in defining what is an environment friendly means of running our cities and what is not. What is a ‘Clean’ fuel and what are the ‘Dirty’ ones.
    Governments have always made an effort in influencing the mindset of citizens while venturing into these new technologies of power generation. As seen in the 1982 posters by Japan government promoting nuclear power. Which reads ideals like “an autumn evening – reading a book by the light of nuclear power” and “winters will be warmed by nuclear generated electricity”.
    While looking at Paris and Tokyo the varied approach of the two countries in relation to Nuclear Power defines their large-scale planning decisions and economic control. France drives 75 percent of its electricity through nuclear production and is the highest net exporter of electricity. Japan on the other hand having the technology and systems in place suffered a huge impact on its power generation (through nuclear source) after Fukushima Disaster in 2011. It had to shut down its power generation and witnessed an impelling anti-nuclear protest by the citizens under the fear and possible hazardous impact of any further disasters.
    Which in-turn leads to the discussion about their susceptibility to disaster and moreover the fear that comes with it. This is quite evident even in streetscapes of the two cities. As one move from Paris to Tokyo, the spaces between the buildings as a measure to curtail earthquake impact, massive concrete retaining structures – as if holding the land together, prominent open staircase as quick fire/disaster exits and the preparedness of citizens narrates a tangential story of Tokyo’s unique geography and condition.
    Public opinion thus fits quite prominently in the equation that places the systems of a metropolis together. It provokes questions of fuel and the government policies that it dictates.

See photos: Tokyo
See ephemera: 29,31,80&81